Rekonceptualizacija modela bazične strukture Ličnosti

U savremenoj literaturi koja se bavi bazičnom strukturom ličnosti, dolazi do porasta istraživanja koja testiraju i preispituju obuhvatnost postojećih uticajnih modela ličnosti, kao što su Petofaktorski model (Costa & McCrae) i šestofaktorski HEXACO model (Ashton & Lee).

Važnu istraživačku liniju Lire već nekoliko godina čine istraživanja kojima se sistematski radi na prikupljanju dokaza u prilog postojanja široke, hijerarhijski organizovane, multidimenzionalne bihejvioralne dispozicione strukture, odnosno bazične dimenzije ličnosti koja je nazvana Dezintegracija, a koja nije obuhvaćena nijednim od postojećim modela ličnosti (Knežević, Savić, Kutlešić & Opačić, 2017). U okviru ove teme, saradnici Lire rade na pribavljanju dokaza o stabilnosti i relevantnosti crte Dezintegracija, odnosno tendencije ka psihotičnim oblicima ponašanja u normalnoj populaciji.

Osim crte Dezintegracija, u okviru Laboratorije prikupljaju se dokazi u prilog postojanja dispozicije za amoralno ponašanje – Amoral (Knežević & Radović). Konstrukt amoralnosti je blizak crti Poštenje, koja je pretpostavljena modelom HEXACO kao jedna od šest bazičnih dimenzija ličnosti. Zaista, izgleda da individualne razlike u osećaju za fer-plej formiraju kontinuum koji je nezavisan u odnosu na druge dimenzije ličnosti. Faceti amoralnosti su crudelia (sadizam, brutalnost i pasivna amoralnost) i frustralia (racionalizacija i projekcija amoralnih impulsa, makijavelizam i resentiman). Treći facet – lascivia (niska kontrola, površni hedonizam i lenjost), iako relevantan za fenomene moralno relevantnog ponašanja, u većoj meri pripada domenu samokontole (savesnost, uzdržanost). Amoralnost od Poštenja razlikuje činjenica da je sekundarno indukovana Dezintegracijom, što je čini zapravo najsličnijom fenomenima Crne trijade/tetrade.


Prediktivna validnosti bazičnih dimenzija ličnosti u adaptivnim i maladaptivnim oblicima ponašanja

U prethodnom periodu saradnici Laboratorije su sproveli dva velika istraživanja, jedno longitudinalno na reprezentativnom uzorku populacije Srbije, a drugo na uzorku srednjoškolaca koji je reprezentativan za populaciju tog uzrasta.

Longitudinalno istraživanje na reprezentativnom uzorku Srbije ima za cilj da se utvrdi kakav je uticaj bazičnih dispozicija na psihopatologiju.

Istraživanje sprovedeno na uzorku srednjoškolaca ima za cilj potvrđivanje pretpostavljene sedmofaktorske strukture ličnosti (Velikih pet + Amoral + Dezintegracija) i utvrđivanje prediktivne validnosti sedmofaktorskog modela u objašnjenju šireg spektra adaptivnih i maladaptivnih ponašanja.

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